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Hemp is a variety of cannabis that is used as raw material for textiles, medicines and food products. In the Spanish State the hemp industry is booming since a decree regulating its use was approved in 1999.
The cultivation of industrial hemp is permitted in Spain for more than 15 years ago when the Royal Decree 1729/1999, of November 12, and the rules for the application and granting aid for flax has been adopted by textile and hemp. This decree authorizes a total of 25 varieties of industrial hemp for cultivation in Spain. All these varieties must have a content of THC (the psychoactive component of marijuana) below 0.2%. Today, the cultivation of industrial hemp is subsidized by the European Community.
There is increasing interest from various agricultural sectors to grow hemp. All those who want to grow industrial hemp must take into account the culture varies depending on the variety and where is grown. The end result, and therefore the product obtained changes greatly according to the culture process has been followed. So before you start growing you need to know how to plant, harvest and manipulate the raw material obtained from hemp. In the market there are already specific machines to treat hemp crops.
With hemp can produce clothing, rope, paper, thermal and acoustic insulation materials … Even the oil from its seeds can be used as biofuel, and can even manufacture parts for the automotive industry (brake pads, for example) . Not only that but with hemp may also develop a wide range of cosmetics, all natural, of course. In Piensa en Verde we suggest moisturizer MyCBD , a product that provides fresh and softness to the skin whose main ingredient is the organic extract of industrial hemp, which together with olive oil, beeswax and cocoa butter provides intense hydration and a pleasant relaxing and wellness sensation both articulations and muscle tissue.
Where is grown?
Currently in Spain two varieties of hemp is grown in the area of Catalonia that are certified by the European Union. Through these crops the raw material for papermaking is obtained therefore, hemp fiber is presented as a very interesting alternative to wood (and therefore to logging) to make paper.
Apart from Catalonia, Valencia, Alicante and Castellón also they have hemp industry. In these regions, the climate makes the quality of this material serves so that can be manufactured with hemp, soft, flexible, resilient tissues. In other regions, such as Aragon and Navarra, hemp is also grown but its fibers (not it worse, but different) are thicker, with which bags are made, ropes, sandals … In addition, hemp is also grown in other Spanish regions such as Albacete, Soria, Huesca, Guadalajara, Soria, Balearic Islands …
The weather, as we have seen, gives a variety or another of hemp. In the northern area of the state, due to the high humidity and the amount of rainfall is recorded, growing this type of seed is done only for food purposes. However, in the south of the peninsula, hemp crops are directed to the paper industry.
Some of the best known industrial hotbeds that exist in Spain are: Celulosa de Levante (Tarragona), Agrosa Seeds (Gudalajara), Agrofibra (Barcelona), Cooperative Galihemp (Lugo) Textile Workshop Triste (Huesca) … to name a few.
We must also add that hemp has a high power of absorption of CO2, so its cultivation greatly reduces environmental pollution.
Hemp in its textile range offers endless possibilities and it is a natural fiber. You can make any type of garment to imagine. A garment made of hemp lasts 30% longer than a made with cotton and hemp processing is 100% organic and has a UV protection of 95% (most of the fabrics do not exceed 30%). Hemp fabric is softer, warmer, more water resistant than other fabrics. Hemp fabric absorbs moisture better than cotton and is very suitable for sensitive skin. Anecdotally, the first Levi Strauss jeans used hemp in its preparation.
Also for medicinal purposes
Barcelona University, among other institutions are collaborating in the study of different therapeutic derivatives obtained from industrial hemp. Also in Catalonia, specifically in Barcelona, it is a company of medicinal products derived from this plant. It should be noted that patients taking cannabis benefit from cannabidiol, no psychoactive substance in marijuana and is an analgesic that alleviates pain.
Four years ago was founded in Granada the Spanish Association of Producers and Transformers Hemp (AEPTC), which emerged, inter alia, to promote the conservation and restoration of natural heritage through the ecological value of industrial hemp and to promote a model sustainable economic development. Anyone who is interested in this type of crops, can contact the association to seek advice and information on the cultivation and processing of industrial hemp.
Although it is an industry that is currently booming, it is far from up to other European countries like Germany, France or Austria, which have thousands of hectares dedicated to the cultivation of hemp. Of course hemp cultivation as a sustainable alternative for many types of industries, including the textile and paper. Some say that the cultivation of this plant for its fiber end with multinational textile and paper mills. Not to mention the pharmaceutical industry, since through hemp can be obtained substances that relieve many health problems.
By Noelia Jimenez, Team Piensa En Verde