The hemp is a plant derived from cannabis that unlike the marijuana contains very low concentrations of THC. This particular strain is one of the most versatile that exists by its multiple applications at industrial level that are very useful for many human activities.
During the development of this text we will discover with greater detail what hemp is, what are its uses, potentialities, characteristics and its main differences compared to cannabis. On the other hand, we will deepen a little on its history and evolution, and at the same time we will discuss the multiple benefits both in human life and for the environment.
👾 What is hemp?
Hemp is one of the oldest domesticated crops used by mankind. The plant has greenish leaves and flowers and a hollow stem that grows up to approximately 6.56 ft. (2 meters). The fibers obtained from the plant are characterized by their resistance, so it is used to manufacture products such as paper, clothing, fuel, oil and also the intake of its seeds has a great nutritional contribution.
✅ Hemp vs. Marijuana
Although people usually mistake each other for their obvious morphological similarities, hemp and marijuana are two different varieties of cannabis. Its main difference is in its chemical composition and its THC levels (psychoactive compound of the cannabis). In the hemp plant the concentration of THC is minimum (below 2%), whereas in marijuana crops these levels exceed 5%.
On the contrary, hemp has concentrations of CBD (cannabidiol) more elevated than marijuana. This compound does not have psychotropic effects, but very good properties to elaborate products of human consumption that are beneficial for health.
Visually, hemp has thinner leaves that are less dense. The stem is higher and thinner than those of cannabis and is easier to cultivate, since its development is optimal in diverse climates and more adverse conditions.
🎬 Historical evolution of hemp
It is said that hemp has been present in the evolution of humanity from year 10,000 B.C. Its origins come from the Middle East (South Asia) where clothes and pieces of crafts have been discovered in several regions that contained hemp and that go back to 8,000 B.C. Many historical records from ancient China show that hemp seeds and hemp oil were used as food sources.
Later in the year 4,000 BC the hemp was used to make different fabrics and shape the ropes in the arches of soldiers in China. Egyptian Gods like Seshat (Goddess of the writing and history) were represented by the old Egyptians in 2,800 BC with what seemed a hemp leaf above its head.
It was not until the beginning of century XX when other materials arose for the invention of fibers to elaborate fabrics when the hemp lost popularity. With the appearance of the new laws that prohibited the use and culture of marijuana, the production of hemp also was affected. Nevertheless, with the advances in scientific investigations, and the current flexibilizations in many countries with the laws applied to cannabis, it is possible to be said that the potentialities of this plant have been rediscovered.
👌 Hemp Uses
Every day many more uses are discovered both in hemp seeds and in their fibers. Among the most outstanding is the production of multiple textile pieces, ropes, canvases and threads. It is also used as reinforcement in construction materials for its resistance and good thermal properties.
In the field of food and health, it is used to produce cosmetics, oils and skin care products based on CBD. It has been proven that its seeds are a superfood with excellent nutritional properties, because it contains proteins, multiple amino acids, magnesium, Omega 3, fatty acids, oils and vitamins. All this can be used in a great amount of drinks and foods.
On the other hand, with hemp oil it is also possible to produce non-fossil fuels or biofuels with a great ecological contribution that contributes to the protection of the environment
⭐ Hemp Legality
In America and many European countries hemp cultivation and production has had great acceptance even becoming 100% legal in many regions of the world. In the U.S. with the approval of the Agricultural Act 2018, hemp cultivation is legal throughout the territory as long as its THC content does not exceed 0.3%. In Europe it is considered legal to grow it when its THC levels are less than 0.2%.
Many are the taboos that we have regarding hemp, mainly by its direct relation with cannabis. Nevertheless, like marijuana, it has multiple properties that due to their versatility can be beneficial to life and future of the society in more than one sense.